In 1991 the military microwave integrated Circuit (mimic) program was initiated a joint effort with raytheon. Citation needed missiles and laser-guided bombs In 1961, ti won the guidance and control system contract for the defense suppression agm-45 Shrike anti-radiation missile. This led later to the prime on the high-speed Anti-radiation Missile (agm-88 harm) development contract in 1974 and production in 1981. In 1964, ti began development of the first laser guidance system for precision-guided munitions (PGM) leading to the paveway series of laser-guided bombs (LGBs). The first lgb was the bolt-117. In 1969, ti won the harpoon (missile) seeker contract. In 1986 ti won the Army fgm-148 javelin fire-and-forget man portable anti-tank guided missile in a joint venture with Martin Marietta. In 1991 ti was awarded the contract for the agm-154 joint Standoff weapon (jsow).
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36 Motorola, who originally developed the six Sigma methodology, began this work in 1982. In 1992, the dseg division of Texas Instruments' quality improvement efforts were rewarded by winning the malcolm Baldrige national quality Award for manufacturing. Infrared and radar systems ti developed the aaa-4 infra-red search and track (irst) in the late 50's and early 60's for the f-4B Phantom 37 for passive scanning of jet engine emissions but possessed limited capabilities and was eliminated on F-4D's and later models. 38 In 1956, ti began research on infrared technology that led to several line scanner contracts and with the addition of a second scan mirror the invention of the first forward looking infrared (flir) in 1963 with production beginning in 1966. In 1972 ti invented the common homework Module flir concept, greatly reducing cost and allowing use reuse of common components. Ti went on to produce side-looking radar systems, the first terrain following radar and surveillance radar systems for both the military and faa. Ti demonstrated the first solid-state radar called Molecular Electronics for Radar Applications (mera). In 1976 ti developed a microwave landing system prototype. In 1984 ti developed the first inverse synthetic aperture radar (isar). The first single-chip gallium arsenide radar module was developed.
33 In 1979, ti entered the home computer market with the ti-99/4, a competitor to such entries as the Apple ii, tandy / Radio shack trs-80 and the later Atari 400 / 800 series and Commodore vic-20. It discontinued the ti-99/4A (1981 the sequel to the 99/4, in late 1983 amidst an intense price war waged primarily against Commodore. At the 1983 Winter ces, ti showed models 99/2 and the compact Computer 40 (CC-40), the latter aimed at professional users. The ti professional (1983) ultimately joined the ranks of the many unsuccessful dos and x86 -based—but non-compatible 34 —competitors to the ibm pc (the founders empire of Compaq, an early leader in pc compatibles, all came from TI). The company for years successfully made and sold pc-compatible laptops before withdrawing from the market and selling its product line to Acer in 1998. 35 Defense electronics edit texas Instruments operated this Convair 240 on experimental work in the 1980s fitted with a modified extended nose section Texas Instruments entered the defense electronics market in 1942 with submarine detection equipment, based on the seismic exploration technology previously developed for. The division responsible for these products was known at different points in time as the laboratory manufacturing division, the Apparatus division, the Equipment Group and the defense systems electronics Group (dseg). During the early 1980s, texas Instruments instituted a quality program which included Juran training, as well as promoting statistical process control, taguchi methods and Design for Six Sigma. In the late '80s, the company, along with Eastman Kodak and Allied Signal, began involvement with Motorola institutionalizing Motorola's Six Sigma methodology.
Ti continued to be active in the consumer electronics market for through the 1970s and 1980s. Early on, this also included two digital clock models; one for desk, and the other a bedside alarm. From this sprang what became the time Products division, which made led watches. Though these led watches enjoyed early commercial success thanks to excellent quality, it was short lived due to poor battery life. Leds were replaced with lcd watches for a short time, but these could not compete because of styling issues, excessive makes and models, and price points. The watches were manufactured in Dallas and then Lubbock, texas. In 1978, texas Instruments introduced the first single-chip speech synthesizer, and incorporated it in a product called Speak spell. Several spin-offs, such as the Speak read and Speak math, were introduced soon thereafter.
This resulted in the development the tmc0280 one-chip linear predictive coding (LPC) speech synthesizer which was the first time a single silicon chip had electronically replicated the human voice. 30 This was used in several ti commercial products beginning with Speak spell which was introduced at the summer Consumer Electronics Show in June 1978. In 2001 ti left the speech synthesis business, selling it to sensory Inc. Of Santa Clara, california. 31 Consumer electronics and computers edit In may 1954, texas Instruments designed and built a prototype of the world's first transistor radio, and, through a partnership with Industrial development Engineering Associates (I.D.E.A.) of Indianapolis, Indiana, the 100 solid-state radio was sold to the public beginning. 32 In 1973, the handheld calculator sr-10 (named after slide rule ) and in 1974 the handheld scientific calculator sr-50 were issued. Both had red led-segments-numeric displays. The optical design of the sr-50 is somewhat similar to the hp-35 edited by hewlett Packard before in early 1972, but buttons for the operations. Are in the right of the number block and the decimal point lies between two neighbouring digits.
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22 noyce's chip, made at fairchild, was made of silicon, while kilby's chip was made of germanium. In 2008, ti named its new development laboratory "Kilby labs" after Jack kilby. 23 In 2011, Intel, samsung, lg, st-ericsson, huawei's hisilicon Technologies subsidiary, via telecom and three other undisclosed chipmakers licensed the C2C link specification developed by Arteris Inc. 24 Standard ttl edit texas Instruments and other brands of 7400 series ttl and cmos logic Texas Instruments Speak spell using a tmc0280 speech synthesizer ti-30 electronic calculator, 19eries of transistor-transistor logic (TTL) chips, developed by texas Instruments in the 1960s, popularized the use. The military grade version of this was the 5400 series.
25 Microprocessor edit texas Instruments invented the hand-held calculator (a prototype called " Cal Tech in 1967 and the single-chip microcomputer in 1971, was assigned the first resume patent on a single-chip microprocessor (invented by gary boone ) on September 4, 1973. 26 This was disputed by gilbert hyatt, formerly of the micro computer Company, in August 1990 when he was awarded a patent superseding ti's. This was over-turned on June 19, 1996 in favor of ti 27 (note: Intel is usually given credit with Texas Instruments for the almost-simultaneous invention of the microprocessor). First speech synthesis chip edit In 1978, texas Instruments introduced the first single-chip lpc speech synthesizer. 28 In 1976 ti began a feasibility study memory intensive applications for bubble memory then being developed. They soon focused on speech applications.
Adcock later became the first ti principal Fellow. 16 First silicon transistor and integrated circuits edit Transistorized " logic " chip, an integrated circuit produced by ti in January 1954 Morris Tanenbaum at Bell Labs created the first workable silicon transistor. 17 This work was reported in the spring of 1954, at the ire off-the-record conference on Solid State devices, and was later published in the journal of Applied Physics. Working independently in April 1954, gordon teal at ti created the first commercial silicon transistor and tested it on April 14, 1954. On may 10, 1954, at the Institute of Radio engineers (IRE) National Conference on Airborne Electronics in dayton, oh, teal presented a paper: "Some recent developments in Silicon and Germanium Materials and devices.
18 In 1954, texas Instruments designed and manufactured the first transistor radio. The regency tr-1 used germanium transistors, as silicon transistors were much more expensive at the time. This was an effort by haggerty to increase market demand for transistors. Jack kilby, an employee at ti's Central Research Labs, invented the integrated circuit in 1958. 1 Kilby recorded his initial ideas concerning the integrated circuit in July 1958, and successfully demonstrated the world's first working integrated circuit on September 12, 1958. 19 Six months later, robert noyce of fairchild Semiconductor (who went on to co-found Intel ) independently developed the integrated circuit with integrated interconnect, and is also considered an inventor of the integrated circuit. 20 In 1969, kilby was awarded the national Medal of Science, and in 1982 he was inducted into the national Inventor's Hall of Fame. 21 Kilby also won the 2000 Nobel Prize in Physics for his part of the invention of the integrated circuit.
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15 Texas Instruments also continued to manufacture equipment for use in the seismic resume industry, and gsi continued to provide seismic services. After selling (and repurchasing) gsi, ti finally sold the company to halliburton in 1988, at which point gsi ceased to exist as a separate entity. Semiconductors edit In early 1952, texas Instruments purchased a patent license to produce germanium transistors from Western Electric., the manufacturing arm of at t, for 25,000, beginning production by the end of the year. Citation needed summary On January 1, 1953, haggerty brought Gordon teal to the company as a research director. Gordon brought with him his expertise in growing semiconductor crystals. Teal's first assignment was to organize what became ti's Central Research Laboratories (crl which teal based on his prior experience at Bell Labs. Citation needed Among his new hires was Willis Adcock who joined ti early in 1953. Adcock, who like teal was a physical chemist, began leading a small research group focused on the task of fabricating "grown-junction silicon single-crystal small-signal transistors.
14 — Patrick haggerty, texas Instruments Statement of Purpose geophysical Service Incorporated edit In 1930,. Clarence karcher and Eugene McDermott founded geophysical Service, an early provider of seismic exploration services to the petroleum industry. In 1939, the company reorganized as Coronado corp., an oil company with geophysical Service Inc (gsi now as a subsidiary. On December 6, 1941, McDermott along with three other gsi employees,. Erik jonsson, cecil. During World War holiday ii, gsi expanded their services to include electronics for the. Army, signal Corps, and the. In 1951, the company changed its name to texas Instruments, with gsi becoming a wholly owned subsidiary of the new company. An early success story for ti-gsi came in 1965 when gsi was able (under a top Secret government contract) to monitor the soviet Union 's underground nuclear weapons testing under the ocean in Vela Uniform, a subset of Project Vela, to verify compliance of the.
M) division, which focused on electronic equipment. 13 by 1951, the l m division, with its defense contracts, was growing faster than gsi's geophysical division. The company was reorganized and initially renamed General Instruments Inc. Because there already existed a firm named General Instrument, the company was renamed Texas Instruments that same year. From 1956 to 1961, Fred Agnich of Dallas, later a republican member of the texas house of Representatives, was the texas Instruments president. Became a subsidiary of Texas Instruments. Early in 1988 most of gsi was sold to the halliburton Company. Texas Instruments exists to create, make and market useful products and services to satisfy the needs of its customers throughout the world.
Jack kilby invented the integrated circuit in 1958 while working at ti's Central Research Labs. Ti also invented the hand-held calculator in 1967, and introduced the first single-chip microcontroller (MCU) in 1970, which combined all the elements of computing onto one piece of silicon. 10 In 1987, ti invented the digital light processing device (also known as the dlp chip which serves as the foundation for the company's award-winning dlp technology and dlp cinema. 10 In 1990, ti came out with the popular ti-81 calculator which made them a leader in the graphing calculator industry. In 1997, its defense business was sold thesis to raytheon, which allowed ti to strengthen its focus on digital solutions. 11 After the acquisition of National Semiconductor in 2011, the company had a combined portfolio of nearly 45,000 analog products and customer design tools, 12 making it the world's largest maker of analog technology components. Contents History edit Entrance to texas Instruments North Campus facility in Dallas, texas Texas Instruments was founded by cecil. Erik jonsson, eugene McDermott, and Patrick.
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tI ) is an American technology company that feasibility designs and manufactures semiconductors and various integrated circuits, which it sells to electronics designers and manufacturers globally. 4, headquartered in, dallas, texas, United States, ti is one of the top ten semiconductor companies worldwide, based on sales volume. 5, texas Instruments's focus is on developing analog chips and embedded processors, which accounts for more than 80 of their revenue. 6, tI also produces ti digital light processing (DLP) technology and education technology 6 products including calculators, microcontrollers and multi-core processors. To date, ti has more than 43,000 patents worldwide. Texas Instruments emerged in 1951 after a reorganization. Geophysical Service Incorporated, a company founded in 1930 that manufactured equipment for use in the seismic industry, as well as defense electronics. 8, tI produced the world's first commercial silicon transistor in 1954 9, and designed and manufactured the first transistor radio in 1954.