Its religion is Islam." 74 Somalia : Article 2 of the Provisional Constitution of the federal Republic of Somalia : "Islam is the religion of the State." 75 Tunisia : Article 1 and 6 of the tunisian Constitution of 2014 : "Tunisia is a free. It guarantees freedom of conscience and belief, the free exercise of religious practices and the neutrality of mosques and places of worship from all partisan instrumentalisation." 76 United Arab Emirates : Article 7 of the constitution of the United Arab Emirates : "Islam shall. However, the term " Jewish " is a polyseme that can describe the jewish people as either an ethnic or a religious group. The debate about the meaning of the term "Jewish" and its legal and social applications is one of the most profound issues with which Israeli society deals. The problem of the status of religion in Israel, even though it is relevant to all religions, usually refers to the status of Judaism in Israeli society. Thus, even though from a constitutional point of view Judaism is not the state religion in Israel, its status nevertheless determines relations between religion and state and the extent to which religion influences the political center. 79 The State of Israel supports religious institutions, particularly Orthodox Jewish ones, and recognizes the "religious communities" as carried over from those recognized under the British Mandate in turn derived from the pre-1917 Ottoman system of millets.
Just the facts on religions - religionFacts
48 Lebanon : There are 18 officially recognized religious groups in Lebanon, each with its own family law legislation and set of meaning religious courts. 49 Samoa : In June 2017, parliament voted to amend the wording of Article 1 of the constitution, thereby making Christianity the state religion. The status of the religion had previously only been mentioned in the preamble, which prime minister tuilaepa aiono sailele malielegaoi considered legally inadequate. 50 51 Zambia : The preamble to the zambian Constitution of 1991 declares Zambia to be "a Christian nation while also guaranteeing freedom of religion. 52 Islam edit main articles: Political aspects of Islam, sharia, caliphate, islamic religious police, and Islamism Many muslim-majority countries have constitutionally established Islam, or a health specific form of it, as a state religion. Proselytism (converting people to another religion) is often illegal. Afghanistan : Article 2 of the constitution of Afghanistan : "The sacred religion of Islam is the religion of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan." 53 Algeria : Article 2 of the Algerian Constitution of 2016 : "Islam shall be the religion of the State.". 60 Iran : Article 12 of the constitution of Iran : "The official religion of Iran is Islam and the Twelver ja'farî school in usul al-Dîn and fiqh, and this principle will remain eternally immutable." 61 Iraq : Article 2 of the constitution of Iraq. Islam shall be the one of the basis of all the laws of the maldives." 66 Malaysia : Article 3 of the constitution of Malaysia : "Islam is the religion of the federation 67 mauritania : Article 5 of the constitution of mauritania : "Islam. Respect and sanctity of all other heavenly religions shall be maintained." 72 Qatar : Article 1 of the constitution of Qatar : "Qatar is an independent sovereign Arab State. Its religion is Islam and Shari'a law shall be a main source of its legislations." 73 saudi Arabia : Article 1 of the basic Law of saudi Arabia : "The kingdom of saudi Arabia is a sovereign Arab Islamic State.
All members of the royal house must accept the same doctrine to be able to inherit the Throne of Sweden. The resume parishes of the Church of Sweden were the smallest administrative entities in Sweden and were used as civil registration and taxation units until 46 Other/Mixed edit France : The local law in Alsace-moselle accords official status to four religions in this specific region. The law is a remnant of the napoleonic Concordat of 1801, which was abrogated in the rest of France by the law of 1905 on the separation of church and state. However, at the time, alsace-moselle had been annexed by germany. The concordat therefore remained in force in these areas, and it was not abrogated when France regained control of the region in 1918. Therefore, the separation of church and state, part of the French concept of laïcité, does not apply in this region. 47 Hungary : The preamble to the hungarian Constitution of 2011 describes Hungary as "part of Christian Europe" and acknowledges "the role of Christianity in preserving nationhood while Article vii provides that "the State shall cooperate with the Churches for community goals". However, the constitution also guarantees freedom of religion and separation of church and state.
In spite of the report separation between the state and the church in 2000, the Church of Sweden still has a special status in Sweden. Sweden is therefore often seen as a midway between having a state religion and not. Citation needed The church has its own legal regulation in the 1998 Church of Sweden Act, which regulates the church's basic structure, creeds and right to tax members of the church. According to the Act, the Church of Sweden must be a democratic, lutheran people's church. Only the Swedish riksdag can change this fact. The connections to the Swedish royal family are complicated. For example, the Swedish constitution stipulates that the monarch of Sweden must be a true lutheran, accepting the doctrine of the Church of Sweden.
36 Norway : A bill passed in 2016 and effective as of created the Church of Norway as an independent legal entity. 37 38 The constitution of Norway article 16 stipulates that "The Church of Norway, an evangelical-Lutheran church, will remain the Established Church of Norway and will as such be supported by the State". 39 The norwegian wording in Article 16 "folkekirke" (literally "people's church is officially translated as "established church". The actual meaning and implications of "folkekirke" remain contested. 40 This was amended in 2012, from "Evangelical-Lutheran religion remains the public religion of the State" and since 2012 Norway does not have a public religion. 31 The Church of Norway will still obtain financial support from the state of Norway, along with other religious communities. 44 45 Sweden : the Church of Sweden was until 2000 the official state church of Sweden, and Lutheranism was therefore the state religion of Sweden.
The religion of Buddhism - religious Tolerance
Denmark : section 4 of the constitution of Denmark confirms the Church essay of Denmark as the "established" church. 32 Finland : the evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland has a special relationship with the finnish state, its internal structure being described in a special law, the Church Act. 33 The Church Act can be amended only by a decision of the synod of the evangelical Lutheran Church and subsequent ratification by the parliament of Finland. The Church Act is protected by the constitution of Finland and the state can not change the Church Act without changing the constitution. The church has a power to tax its members. The state collects these taxes for the church, for a fee.
On the other hand, the church is required to give a burial place for everyone in its graveyards. 34 The President of Finland also decides the themes for intercession days. The church does not consider itself a state church, as the finnish state does not have the power to influence its internal workings or its theology, although dog it has a veto in those changes of the internal structure which require changing the Church Act. Neither does the finnish state accord any precedence to lutherans or the lutheran faith in its own acts. The Union of Freethinkers of Finland has criticized the official endorsement of the two churches by the finnish state, and has campaigned for the separation of church and state. 35 Iceland : the constitution of Iceland confirms the Church of Iceland as the state church of Iceland.
10 Christianity edit main articles: Christian state, christianity and politics, christian democracy, and Christendom The following states recognize some form of Christianity as their state or official religion (by denomination roman Catholicism edit jurisdictions where roman Catholicism has been established as a state or official. The constitution does however ensure that people of other faiths shall be entitled to practise their creeds and to hold religious services to the extent consistent with morality and public order." 12 Malta : Article 2 of the constitution of Malta declares that "the religion. 14 Vatican City : the vatican is an Elective, theocratic, or sacerdotal Absolute monarchy 15 ruled by the pope, who is also the vicar of the catholic Church. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergy of various national origins. It is the sovereign territory of the holy see ( Latin : Sancta sedes ) and the location of the pope's official residence, referred to as the Apostolic Palace.
Jurisdictions that give various degrees of recognition in their constitutions to roman Catholicism without establishing it as the state religion: Eastern Orthodoxy edit The jurisdictions below give various degrees of recognition in their constitutions to eastern Orthodoxy, but without establishing it as the state religion. Georgia : georgian Orthodox Church is not the state church of georgia but has a special constitutional agreement with the state, with the constitution recognising "the special role of the Apostolic Autocephalous Orthodox Church of georgia in the history of georgia and its independence from. 24 However, this provision does not give official status to the Church of Greece, while all other religions are recognized as equal and may be practiced freely. 25 Protestantism edit Anglicanism edit The Anglican Church of England is the established church in England as well as all three of the Crown Dependencies. Calvinism edit tuvalu : The Church of tuvalu is the state religion, although in practice this merely entitles it to "the privilege of performing special services on major national events". 29 The constitution of tuvalu guarantees freedom of religion, including the freedom to practice, the freedom to change religion, the right not to receive religious instruction at school or to attend religious ceremonies at school, and the right not to "take an oath or make. 30 Lutheranism edit jurisdictions where a lutheran church has been established as a state religion include the nordic countries (as of 2012 Norway does not have a public religion 31 ).
The Christian religion - religious Tolerance
All are versions of Christianity, islam or Buddhism. Buddhism edit governments where buddhism, either a specific form of, or the whole, has been established as an official religion: Bhutan : The constitution defines Buddhism as the "spiritual heritage of Bhutan" and mandates that Druk gyalpo (King) should appoint je khenpo and Dratshang Lhentshog. 5 Cambodia : The constitution declared Buddhism as official religion of the country. About 97 of the cambodia's population is Buddhist. 6 laos slogan : According to laos constitution, buddhism is given special privilege in the society of the country. 7 myanmar : Section 361 of the constitution states that "The Union recognizes special position of Buddhism as the faith professed by the great majority of the citizens of the Union." 8 Sri lanka : the constitution of Sri lanka accords Buddhism the "foremost place. Buddhism is given special privileges in Sri lankan constitution. 9 Thailand : According to Thai constitution the country is secular and freedom of religion is guaranteed but some important privileges are also given to buddhism such as giving money to buddhist monks to construct Buddhist temples.
Citation needed State churches edit There is also a federalist difference between a "state church" and the broader term of "state religion". Citation needed a "state church" is a state religion created by a state for use exclusively by that state. Citation needed clarification needed An example of a "state religion" that is not also a "state church" is Roman Catholicism in Costa rica, which was accepted as the state religion in the 1949 Constitution, despite the lack of a national church. In the case of a "state church the state has absolute control over the church, citation needed but in the case of a "state religion the church is ruled by an exterior body; in the case of Catholicism, the vatican has control over the church. In either case, the official state religion has some influence over the ruling of the state. Citation needed As of 2012, there are only five state churches left, clarification needed as most countries that once featured state churches have separated the church from their government. Citation needed disestablishment edit further information: Secular state disestablishment is the process of repealing a church's status as an organ of the state. Opponents of disestablishment of the Church of England were known as antidisestablishmentarians. Current state religions edit currently, the following religions have been established as state religions in some countries.
official national religion is imposed upon citizens by the state in contemporary society varies considerably; from high as in saudi Arabia to minimal or none at all as in Denmark, england, iceland, and Greece. Contents The degree and nature of state backing for denomination or creed designated as a state religion can vary. It can range from mere endorsement (with or without financial support) with freedom for other faiths to practice, to prohibiting any competing religious body from operating and to persecuting the followers of other sects. In Europe, competition between Catholic and Protestant denominations for state sponsorship in the 16th century evolved the principle cuius regio, eius religio (states follow the religion of the ruler) embodied in the text of the treaty that marked the peace of Augsburg, 1555. In England, henry viii broke with Rome in 1534, being declared the supreme head of the Church of England, 2 the official religion of England continued to be "Catholicism without the pope" until after his death in 1547, 3 while in Scotland the Church. In some cases, an administrative region may sponsor and fund a set of religious denominations; such is the case in Alsace-moselle in France under its local law, following the pre-1905 French concordatry legal system and patterns in Germany. 4 In some communist states, notably in North Korea and Cuba, the state sponsors religious organizations, and activities outside those state-sponsored religious organizations are met with various degrees of official disapproval. In these cases, state religions are widely seen as efforts by the state to prevent alternate sources of authority.
Varro, under the term of theologia civilis civic theology. The first state-sponsored, christian church was the, armenian Apostolic Church, established in british 301. In, christianity, as the term church is typically applied to a christian place of worship or organisations incorporating such ones, the term state church is associated with Christianity as sanctioned by the government, historically the state church of the roman Empire in the last centuries. Closely related to state churches are ecclesiae, which are similar but carry a more minor connotation. In the, middle east, many states with primarily Islamic population have. Islam as their state religion, either as the. Shiite or, sunni variety, though the degree of religious restrictions on the citizen's everyday life varies by country. Rulers of saudi Arabia use both secular and religious power, while Iran 's secular presidents are supposed to follow the decisions of religious authorities since the revolution of 1979.
Rousseau: Social Contract: book iv - constitution Society
Countries with a state religion. A state religion (also called an established religion or official religion ) is a religious biography body or creed officially endorsed by the state. A state with an official religion, while not secular, is not necessarily a theocracy, a country whose rulers have both secular and spiritual authority. State religions are official or government-sanctioned establishments of a religion, but the state does not need be under the control of the religion (as in a theocracy) nor is the state-sanctioned religion necessarily under the control of the state. Official religions have been known throughout human history in almost all types of cultures, reaching into the. Ancient near East and prehistory. The relation of religious cult and the state was discussed.